Cannabis might be ingested in a number of ways, but the most common route of administration remains via smoking or inhaling the drug. Cannabis items are usually smoked (with or without tobacco) through either a pipe or in the form of a cigarette (often referred to as a ‘joint’). The pipes come in a huge selection of sizes and forms but frequently have long stems or add a ‘hookah-type’ water filtration system (i.e., water pipe) and are referred to as a ‘bong’. When a water pipe is utilized, cannabis smoke is cooled by the water in order to reduce its harshness and temperature, which can scald the throat (Booth, 2003).
Little reports have been conducted to the specific harms associated with smoking cannabis using a water pipe or bong. Few studies examining cannabis use, apart from those regarding the medical use of the drug, have differentiated in between the various methods of delivery (i.e., smoking via joints or water pipes, ingesting in food) and little is known regarding distinct administration routes, their relationship to drug use patterns, and related harms.
In recent years, there has been a resurgence in popularity in the use of hookahs or ‘shisha’ to smoke shops near me, particularly flavoured cigarettes and tobacco products. The ancient Middle Eastern water pipe has become widely smoked around the globe, particularly by students and teenagers. As a result of use of healthy-sounding fruit flavouring and also the social way it is almost always used (i.e., in restaurants and cafes), it is often regarded as a ‘safer’ substitute for cigarettes. Because of this recent popularity, there has been an increasing level of research conducted examining the harms associated with the aid of the shisha.
This bulletin will examine the origin from the water pipe and what we should understand about the harms connected with smoking cannabis using a bong, particularly in comparison with other routes of administration. As the research is limited in this field, an examination of the existing evidence regarding the harms associated with water pipe tobacco smoking is included together with consideration of methods this info can be utilized in cannabis prevention activities.
Origins from the water pipe – Using water in a smoking apparatus is ancient, with Persian hookahs or ‘narghiles’ illustrative samples of early smoking water pipes (Erickson, Jarvie & Miller, 1977). In their 1997 US patent for an ‘improved smoking water pipe or bong’, the authors describe this process the following – “… smoke from the substance being combusted is directed through a tube discharging underneath the surface water in a potlike container before passing therefrom via a second tube to the mouth from the smoker.”
In which the water pipe actually originated is unclear, while there is increasing evidence to suggest that bongs were first used to smoke cannabis in Africa. Based on the archaeological evidence available during the time of writing, Phillips (1983) hypothesised that cannabis was smoked in water pipes in eastern and southern Africa before the development of tobacco. He thought that the discovery in Ethiopia water pipe bowls, “definitely associated with the smoking of cannabis”, tends bqlsqo confirm speculation of the African origin of the water pipe. Others believe they originated in China or Persia, but in such cases the instruments were thought to be employed to smoke tobacco.
The term ‘bong’ is surely an adaptation from the Thai word baung, which describes a cylindrical pipe or tube cut from bamboo. Among the earliest recorded uses in the word inside the West is within the McFarland Thai-English Dictionary, published in 1944, which describes one of many meanings of ‘bong’ inside the Thai language as, “a bamboo water pipe for smoking kancha, tree, hashish, or even the hemp-plant.” Erickson and colleagues (1977) believe that it must be this version which includes probably influenced the style of the present day devices that include a “general cylindrical tubular construction”, with tubes of plastic along with other modern materials replacing the hollow bamboo stem which had been used before. Their description of how this type of water pipe works is as follows:
“The oriental bong, further, provides method for using atmospheric air to dilute the smoke before inhalation, as well as provided oxygen for that combustion producing the smoke. Thus, an aura admitting orifice has become provided venting the smoke chamber formed inside the bamboo stem above the water towards the bottom in the stem. The orifice is finger controllable, to ensure that air may in the desire from the smoker be either excluded or admitted directly to the smoke chamber so as to dilute the smoke therein.”
A bong utilized to smoke cannabis is comparable to a conventional hookah in both construction and performance, except it is usually smaller and a lot more portable. The hole inside the stem described above, also known as the ‘carburator’, ‘shotty’ or simply just ‘hole’, is usually kept covered through the smoking process, then opened to permit the smoke to get drawn to the respiratory system so as to maximise the impact.