When choosing a second hand forklift, many buyers be concerned about getting saddled with a lemon. It’s unfamiliar territory, nearly everybody knows what to consider in the vehicle, but have you considered a forklift? It’s an expensive purchase you need to be reliable for many years. This is a fundamental checklist you should try to find when looking for a used forklift.
Take note: This post covers physical inspection of used forklifts. For guidance on picking a forklift size and kind, please see this article.
It used to be a chore, the need to drive in one factory to a different one (often widely spaced in various suburbs). Now of course we now have the internet to help you. Most forklift sellers have a website (just like this particular one!), and having the ability to see in advance what sort of units are offered is really a massive way to save time. When checking websites, it’s still a smart idea to ring the retailer and view that there are no unlisted forklifts, often we sell forklifts just before they could be on the site.
When checking forklifts on a website it can be hard to find out details but you wish to look for your following:
No obvious impact damage (scrapes and scratches are ok)
Minimal or no rust
Tyres that aren’t broken down
At your location inspection
As you now have selected a number of retailers or units to think about, make and appointment and go have a look. This is where you can really get a full glance at the used forklift involved. When you are shopping having a low budget at heart, you should make allowances for any unit that may not meet each one of these criteria, but seek out any problems and ask the salesman specifically if they can be fixed prior to purchase, especially items that might develop into a safety hazard or stop the machine from working.
Please keep in mind that this can be a guide only, and depending on the age and expense of the unit, you might have to compromise. The most important thing is always to A:Get good affordability and B:Get yourself a reliable forklift
Try to find new paint or paint in good shape, preferably with decals (better resale value) and warning stickers (for operator safety). Scratching and scrapes are ok, extensive rust, overspray from bad repainting and big dints are certainly not. Check plastics (if any) for cracks or splits.
Open the bonnet and begin the engine. It must start easily and idle smoothly (it will be more noisy than a car). Look above and below for engine (black) oil leaks. Check starter motor fires rapidly. Rev engine hard in neutral and appearance tailpipe once warm for blue or black smoke. Exhaust should be minimal if LPG, and free from excessive odour.
Raise Carriage to full height (move forklift outdoors if necessary). Check lifting speed is steady and constant. Rev engine to increase lift speed then run in idle to make certain it continues to raise. Tilt back and forward at full extension, engine should not stall. Shims in tilt mechanism should never move excessive, carriage should not be sloppy. Drop down, movement needs to be smooth and steady, all stages should move in turn without any jamming.
Check all visible hoses for leaks. Look within the forklift for greenish or golden hydraulic oil. Move mast to full tilt and check for leaks again while under pressure. Levers should move easily and operation ought to be smooth for all controls. For hydraulic drive forklifts (Linde), drive back and forward, operation needs to be quick and smooth.
Drive the used forklift around within a tight circle, backwards and forwards. Use brake, inch and accelerator to full extension, check seating position and controls are accessible.
Seat and Lights
Seat must be free of large rips and tears. Seatbelt (if element of original equipment), must be functional. Flashing light on roof must be working, other lights if fitted must be working but are not essential unless road use is required. Engaging reverse should trigger beeper or buzzer
All tyres should be evenly worn, with sufficient usage left on them. Solid and cushion tyres ought to be free of major tears and damage, Solid tyres ought to have tread. Pneumatic tyres must have adequate air pressure
Diesel/Petrol: Check under tank for cracks. Examine fuel cap area for damage. Check fuel lines.
LPG: Examine tank connector for damage. Be sure that seals work, no smell our sound should originate from pipe. Check pipe for abrasions or marks. Check tank clips for damage, insert and take off tank to guarantee it is held firmly.
Tynes should certainly slide on carriage, but be held securely into position when clipped in, and not flop about. Check tynes around the used forklift for bending or excessive wear, especially about the ‘heel’ (bend) of your tynes
Battery (Electric only)
Inspect battery for missing caps or damaged leads. Any visible acid needs to be tiny, no lasting buildup. Check water system (if installed) for leaks. Activate charger and be sure it really works, check outlet plug for damage.
Notes on buying on the internet without having inspection
If you live interstate through the used forklift in question or are in a rural area, you could be compelled to purchase on the internet. There may be no problem with this approach, you need to simply be 74dexmpky careful. When emailing a supplier, demand extensive details and loads of photos, especially close ups of the motor and mast/carriage. If at all possible suggest to them to a friend or relative with mechanical knowledge. Check against other suppliers for price and condition of units the identical price. Find out about warranty availability, it is usually restricted for interstate purchasing but make sure the salesman recognizes that you expect reliability and great condition and are able to return the forklift when it doesn’t meet your expectations.